Environmental Economics, Policy, and Development

Economics is the study of choices among alternatives and the consequences of those choices as they interact in a complex system of markets, governments, and other institutions. Economics allows us to see how alternative governance systems affect the allocation of resources, both within and between generations. In a world in which vital natural resources--soil, oil, minerals, water, land and space, ecosystem services--are growing scarcer, the study of how people and communities do and may respond to tightening resource constraints is a core component of environmental and urban studies. 
Environmental Economics, Policy, and Development Focus Area

Environmental Economics, Policy, and Development Focus Area

In this Focus Area, students learn to analyze the environmental and economic consequences of alternative governance structures, property systems, taxes, spending programs, financial institutions, and regulatory frameworks. Each of these institutions influences market prices, which signal relative scarcity (often incorrectly). Each influences the resource constraints faced by decision makers, and may even influence subjective preferences. We examine how markets work to allocate resources efficiently (economically). We study the circumstances under which markets fail to achieve optimal outcomes, which is the normal case for markets involving environmental and ecological resources. We examine the ways in which property rights structure and government policy regimes promote or retard progress toward healthy cities and environmental stewardship.

100- and 200-level Courses

100-level courses 
  • ANTH 101: Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
  • ANTH 148: African Encounters
  • ECON 100: Principles of Economics
  • ECON 115: Economic Dimensions of World Issues
  • ECON 140: Evolution of Economic Systems
  • HIST 161: History of Technology and Economics
  • PS 109: Political Economy
  • SOC 101: Introduction to Sociology
  • CHEM 141/2: Basic Principles of Chemistry I/II
  • PHYS 120: Global Energy
  • PHYS 124: Climate Change
  • ARTH 126: Architecture since 1945
200-level courses 
  • EUS 222: Air
  • ANTH 220: Doing Ethnography
  • ANTH 249: Travel, Tourism & Anthropology
  • ANTH 265: Race and Nature in Africa
  • ARTH 238: Mapping the 19th Century City
  • ECON 202: Intermediate Macroeconomics
  • ECON 203: Game Theory
  • ECON 206: Economics from the Ground Up
  • ECON 216: European Economic History
  • ECON 221: Economic Development
  • ECON 226: Urban and Regional Economics
  • ECON 237: Economics of the Public Sector
  • ECON 242: Ecological Economics
  • ECON 263: Population Economics and Demography
  • ECON 265: Community Based Development
  • ECON 2014: History of New York City
  • ECON 2253: Ecological History of the Globe
  • HIST 2302: Shanghai & Hong Kong: Global Cities
  • PS 208: Political Economy
  • PS 239: United Nations and Model UN
  • PS 288: Water, Power, & Politics
  • SOC 268: New Look at Gentrification
  • BIO 202: Ecology and Evolution
  • PHYS 234: The Atmosphere and Ocean in Motion
  • ARTH 226: Architecture since 1945
  • ARTH 259: Sustainable Urbanism
  • BGIA Courses

300-level and Empirical Analysis Courses

300-level courses 
  • EUS 318: Land
  • ANTH 325: Environment, Development, and Power
  • ANTH 349: Political Ecology
  • ECON 321: Microeconomics of Development
  • ECON 330: Seminar in Geoclassical Economics
  • ECON 331: International Migration
  • ECON 342: Economics of Food and Fuel
  • ECON 353: Public Choice
  • HIST MC 301: Environmental Diplomacy
  • PS 314: Pol Eco of Development
  • PS 334: Politics of Globalization
  • PS 370: The Politics of Population Control
  • PS 373: Human Rights and the Environment
  • BIO 315: Advanced Evolution
  • PHYS 314: Thermal Physics
  • ARTH 378: Contemp. Issues in Architecture and Urban Theory
  • EUS 315: Climate Policy and Law I
  • EUS 322: The Politics of Solutions
  • Bard CEP J-Term Courses
  • BGIA Courses
Empirical Analysis courses
  • EUS 203: Geographic Information Systems
  • ECON 229: Introduction to Econometrics
  • ECON 230: Research Methods in Economics
  • SOC 205: Intro to Research Methods

Potential Careers in Environmental Economics, Policy, and Development

Ecological/Environmental Economist, Housing Executive, Educator, Professor, City/Regional Planner, Non-Profit Executive, Politician, Municipal Leader, Environmental Lawyer, Park Administrator, International Development Agent, United Nations Diplomat (FAO, UNESCO, WHO).