Environmental Economics, Policy, and Development

Economics is the study of choices among alternatives and the consequences of those choices as they interact in a complex system of markets, governments, and other institutions. Economics allows us to see how alternative governance systems affect the allocation of resources, both within and between generations. In a world in which vital natural resources--soil, oil, minerals, water, land and space, ecosystem services--are growing scarcer, the study of how people and communities do and may respond to tightening resource constraints is a core component of environmental and urban studies. 
Environmental Economics, Policy, and Development Focus Area

Environmental Economics, Policy, and Development Focus Area

In this Focus Area, students learn to analyze the environmental and economic consequences of alternative governance structures, property systems, taxes, spending programs, financial institutions, and regulatory frameworks. Each of these institutions influences market prices, which signal relative scarcity (often incorrectly). Each influences the resource constraints faced by decision makers, and may even influence subjective preferences. We examine how markets work to allocate resources efficiently (economically). We study the circumstances under which markets fail to achieve optimal outcomes, which is the normal case for markets involving environmental and ecological resources. We examine the ways in which property rights structure and government policy regimes promote or retard progress toward healthy cities and environmental stewardship.

100- and 200-level courses

100-level courses 
  • EUS 101: Introduction to Environmental and Urban Studies (required)
  • EUS 102: Introduction to Environmental and Urban Science (required)
  • EUS 130: Economics for Planet Earth
  • ANTH 101: Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
  • ECON 100: Principles of Economics
  • GIS 102: Global and International Studies: Climate
  • HIST 161: History of Technology and Economics
  • PHYS 120: Global Energy
  • PHYS 124: Climate Change
  • PS 109: Political Economy
  • SOC 101: Introduction to Sociology
200-level courses
  • EUS 205: Planetary Consequences of Food Production
  • EUS 210: Global Future of Food
  • EUS 220: The Dust Bowl
  • EUS 228: Environmental Politics
  • EUS 240: Advanced Readings in Environmental Science
  • ANTH 223: Conservation Anthropology
  • ANTH 228: Economic Anthropology
  • ANTH 265: Race and Nature in Africa
  • BIO 202: Ecology and Evolution
  • ECON 202: Intermediate Macroeconomics
  • ECON 203: Game Theory
  • ECON 216: European Economic History
  • ECON 221: Economic Development
  • ECON 226: Urban and Regional Economics
  • ECON 237: Economics of the Public Sector
  • ECON 242: Ecological Economics
  • HIST 280: American Environmental History
  • HIST 2253: Ecological History of the Globe
  • HIST 2302: Shanghai & Hong Kong: Global Cities
  • HIST 2308: China’s Environment
  • IDEA 210: People on the Move: Causes and Consequences of Migration in the Global Economy
  • PHIL 256: Environmental Ethics
  • PS 239: United Nations and Model UN
  • PS 288: Water, Power, & Politics
  • SOC 231: From Food to Fracking: The Environment & Society
  • SOC 269: Global Inequality and Development


Upper Level and Empirical Analysis courses

300-level courses 
  • EUS/CEP 505: Environmental Policy I
  • EUS 307: Environmental Policy II
  • EUS 315: Environment & Climate Policy
  • EUS 319 (Practicum): Hudson Valley Cities and Environmental (In)Justice
  • EUS 322: The Politics of Solutions
  • EUS 324: Environmental Law for Policy
  • EUS 325: Politics and Power in Global Food Production
  • ANTH 325: Environment, Development, and Power
  • ANTH 349: Political Ecology
  • ECON 321: Seminar in Economic Development
  • ECON 330: Seminar in Geoclassical Economics
  • ECON 331: International Migration
  • ECON 353: Public Choice
  • PS 314: Political Economy of Development
  • SOC 320: Environment & Society from a Global Perspective
  • Bard CEP J-Term Courses
  • BGIA Courses
400-level courses
  • EUS 410: Climate Change and Water Resources
Empirical Analysis courses
  • EUS 203: Geographic Information Systems
  • EUS 226: Environmental Modeling
  • ANTH 324: Doing Ethnography
  • BIO 244: Biostatistics
  • ECON 229: Introduction to Econometrics
  • ECON 230: Research Methods in Economics
  • SOC 205: Intro to Research Methods
  • SOC 333: Qualitative Research Practicum

Potential Careers in Environmental Economics, Policy, and Development

Ecological/Environmental Economist, Housing Executive, Educator, Professor, City/Regional Planner, Non-Profit Executive, Politician, Municipal Leader, Environmental Lawyer, Park Administrator, International Development Agent, United Nations Diplomat (FAO, UNESCO, WHO).